The Tupper Family

The birthplace of THOMAS TUPPER, the emigrant ancestor of the Tupper family of America, was the Parish of Bury in County Sussex, England. The name itself is of Anglo-Saxon origin of the earliest form, derived from the occupation of the person known. During the 8th Century, a male sheep or ram was a tupp, and the breeder of tupps or rams was a tupman or tupper. One of the most important occupations of South Downs in West Sussex, was the breeding of sheep, and in later years they were famous for the fine quality of mutton. There is a farm on the fringe of South Downs, overlooking the Isle of Wight, still owned by Tuppers.

THOMAS TUPPER'S father was HENRY TUPPER and his grandfather was RICHARD TUPPER, both of County Sussex. It was possible to identify them by the study of biographies (1563-1624), recorded deeds and wills, tax rolls, post mortem, and other documentary evidence. The records of the Parish of Bury exist only in manuscript form in the British Museum at London, and are not readily accessible, so that it is not possible to present a complete record of the families of Henry and Richard Tupper.

Wills on file and other probate documents in the Ecclesiastical Courts of Canterbury and Winchester, wherein it was the custom to mention the deceased's occupation or station in life, reveal the TUPPERS were yeomen, husbandmen, fishermen, shoemakers, weavers, wool-combers, shepherds, etc. While none of the immediate progenitors of Thomas Tupper were classed as "GENTLEMEN" there is abundant evidence that they were property and landowners on the tax rolls as men of means. The University of Cambridge record that several Tuppers of an earlier generation matriculated there. Richard Tupper, grandfather of Thomas, was pastor of the Church at Bury.

HENRY TUPPER was a Puritan, but was not a fanatic and maintained friendly relations with those of his acquaintance, who still stayed with the Church of England. Through one William Greer, Merchant of London, Henry Tupper met Thomas Hampton, Cordwaiver of St. Sepulcher's of London, to whom he apprenticed his son Thomas from 1592 to 1599. Thus for 7 years Thomas Tupper was a worker in leather and learned his trade of shoemaker.

It was while in London that Thomas Tupper became acquainted with prominent London Merchants who sponsored the first settling of what is now New England. The first departure from England came about 1621, when he was one of the crew with Captain William Prince, and sailed for the West Indies, for Browne and Cradock of London. During this voyage he learned the craft of carpentry to add to his trade of shoemaker. He made 3 trips and in these sailings, Thomas Tupper was listed as one of the crew, worked at his trade, and received wages as well as a part of the profits. Thomas Tupper, from all data obtainable did not marry until he was 44 years of age. He was married twice in England, losing both wives by death before 1635.

THOMAS TUPPER was born at Bury, County Sussex, England in 1578 and died 1676. He married Katherine Gator, of Parich Chelmsford, England in 1622. There were 2 children -- Katherine and Robert. Robert died in infancy. After his wife Katherin's death Thomas married Susan Turnar, in 1628 -- there were also 2 children -- Thomas and Robert. Thomas also died in infancy and his wife Susan died in 1634. After her death Thomas was left with a girl of 12 and a boy of 2. Just when and how they came to America is not known. Thomas married a third time in America -- a widow of Topsfield, Mass., Ann Hodgson (Hudson). She was born about 1585 and died 1676. There was one child Thomas II.

In 1637 permission was obtained from the government of New Plymouth to begin this settlement and in their oft quoted words: "--agreed by the court that these ten men of Saugus viz: EDMUND FREEMEN: HENRY PEAKE: THOMAS DEXTER: EDWARD DILLINGHAM: WILLIAM WOOD: JOHN CARMAN: RICHARD CHADWELL: WILLIAM ALMY: THOMAS TUPPER: GEORGE KNOTT: -- shall have liberty to view a place to sit down and have sufficient lands for three-score families upon the conditions propounded by the Governor and Mr. Winslow." The result of this action was the settlement of what came to be called SANDWICH, the first town on Cape Cod, and the 10 men named known as proprietors of the new town were soon on the ground. The grant was made to the 10 men on the assumption that they were all Church members and free men, and that being such they would receive unto the township when organized only such persons as already were Church members or fit to become so. The portion to THOMAS TUPPER was six and one-half acres and his rank 18th.

Record show that in 1658 Thomas and his son Thomas were among the largest land owners and tax payers in Sandwich. He farmed to some extent but legal documents always state his occupation as 'shoemaker.' He served in the General Court in 1644, was a Deputy for 20 years, served on juries, local boards and commissions and was Selectman for 3 years. He conducted Religious services and was deeply interested in Religious work among the Indians. He was a shrewd trader and invested heavily in real estate and had large holdings at his death. The Old Tupper House in Sandwich -- construction of which began in 1637, when the settlement was not yet a year old was so sturdily built that is stood for nearly 300 years, until destroyed by fire. It was a monument to the character of Thomas Tupper. The history of this house, one of the very few really old houses in America testifies to the worthy lives lived by the original owner and his wife Ann. The first wedding in this house was his daughter Katherine, who married Benjamin Nye. Robert was also married in America -- Deborah Perry, but they returned to England.

THOMAS TUPPER II was born at Sandwich, Mass., in 1638 and died in 1706. He became a freeman at the age of 20. He served on a jury in 1664, was an Exciseman in 1677 and Town Constable in 1669. He was a Selectman for 14 years, Town Clerk for 10 years, Deputy to General Court at Plymouth for 11 years. A Representative to the Court of Boston and in 1680 was appointed Lieutenant of the Military Company in Sandwich, becoming Captain in 1790. He had strong religious convictions and for many years was a Missionary among the Indians. In 1645 he and Miles Standish, among others, were members of an arbitration board to determine Civil action. He married Martha Mayhew in 1661. She was the daughter of Thomas Mayhew, Governor of Martha's Vineyard and neighboring Islands. There were 11 children. MARTHA: THOMAS: ISREAL: ELISHA: JANE: ICHABOD: ELDAD: MEDAD: ANNE: ELIAKIM: BERTHA.

ELIAKIM TUPPER was born in Sandwich, Mass. He was a man of prominence in Sandwich and was a Selectman for 12 years. In 1712 he was elected one of a committee "to supply the pulpit". In 1722 he was a large land holder and a 'shop keeper'. He did not agree with the doctrine preached and in 1732 was one of two contractors who built a new meeting house for the opponents of the established minister. He married Joanna Gibbs (daughter of Benjamin Gibbs, Sr.,) in 1707. In 1736 he moved his family to Lebanon, Connecticut where he died about 1758. There were 13 children. RUTH: ANN: ELIAKIM: ABIA: ELIAS: ABIGAIL: HANNAH: JOANNA: JOANNA: NATHANIEL: DEBORAH: CHARLES: SOLOMON. All were born in Sandwich, Mass.

NATHANIEL TUPPER was born in 1726 and died at Salisbury, Conn. in 1790. He married Elizabeth Gager, daughter of Rev. William and Elizabeth (Whiting) Gager. There were 3 children. ELISHA: WILLIAM: ELIZABETH. He married the 2nd time, Sarah Hanchett of Suffield, Conn, daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah (Fuller) Hanchett. There was one child Samuel.

********************************************

The first Census in the United States was taken in 1790. In that Census there were only 2 men by the name of Tupper, listed in New York State. NATHAN TUPPER -- of Westchester County, N. Y. with only one male over 16 - including the head of the family. WILLIAM TUPPER - Albany County, N. Y. with 2 males over 16 -- including head of family.

The Presbyterian Church of Schenectady, New York, states that RUFUS TUPPER died there Nov. 9, 1811 at the age of 41 years. Therefore we can place the birth of Rufus Tupper in 1770, so he would have been over 16 in 1790 and his father would have to be WILLIAM. Further data places William Tupper in Watervliet Town, then called West Troy. Later records show Rufus Tupper to be in Blooming Grove, Orange County, N. Y. in 1800, with all children under 10 years of age. A Troy newspaper published in 1825 " Sylvanus Tupper of Goshen (Blooming Grove is just a few miles from Goshen) New York was appointed guardian of Isaac N. born March 24, 1811 -- son of Rufus Tupper -- late of Schenectady County, New York." It seems logical to assume William Tupper is the father of Rufus, but as yet I have been unable to find any further record of William. RUFUS TUPPER married ABBIE (Abba--Abbe--Abigail) COOPER. The children were SALLY POLLY: ISAAC NEWTON: ARTAMIS: SYLVANUS: ISAAC NEWTON: (2nd) ABBY or ABIGAIL: HILA ANN. (born Troy, New York 1806)

[hand written] Hila Ann married Oct 26, 1826 to John Smith Carris - Born Feb 6, 1804 - New York - Family History continued in Carris Genealogy.

After the death of Rufus Tupper, Abba married Abraham Bancker of Goshen N. Y. He was a farmer in Westchester County, N. Y. He sold his farm in 1811 and moved to Orange County, N. Y. and settled near Goshen. He was a cabinet maker. There were 2 children. George and Charles. She survived him, dying in 1855.

TUPPER LAKE and the town of TUPPER LAKE were both named after a surveyor by the name of Tupper, who discovered the Lake while surveying. The given name is unknown.

Hazel (Campbell) Gerbich

MAR 5 - 1956