29 Nov 1811: Lemuel Holmes, Esq. & family issued warnings out of Burke, Caledonia County, VT
27 Dec 1814: Lemuel Holmes & wife and Asa Holmes & family issued warnings out of Newbury, Orange County, VT.
[Source: Vermont Historical Gazetteer, Volume 1, circa 1880 by Abby Hemingway]
A formal procedure of "warning out" helped to keep expenses at a minimum.
Once a family had established residence, the town was liable for support in case of need. Beginning about 1800, New Haven selectmen regularly warned out every family that came to town, and the records contain page after page of such documents duly issued and delivered by the constable. No family actually had to pack up and move when served with these papers, but they were not thereafter eligible for any public support (although election to an important town office, as it happens, did overrule the warning out). Vermont abolished this practice in 1817.
[Source: "History of Addison Co., Vermont" under the town of New Haven]
In early Vermont, all people who were not able to take care of themselves because of poverty, illness or the like became the responsibility of the town in which they had legal residence. For Vermont the legal residence was either the town you where you were born or where you owned property. In Vermont, if a non-legal resident came into town the authorities had usually one year to warn the person that they were not legal residents and that they should leave town and could not expect the town to support them in any way. This became a legal record of the town where these people were residing, but were not legal residents and counted on a census. Often the people warned-out did not actually leave the town in question. Other times they might have been forcibly removed. These legal notices are used by genealogists to follow people who didn't leave other traces like census records or deeds of land purchases. Often, they were on the margins of society and harder to trace, hence the usefulness of records of warnings-out. The warning-out laws were changed in Vermont around 1820.
[Source: Alden M. Rollins, Vermont Warnings Out, Vol. 1&2, Picton Press 1995, 1997]
Church Affiliation: Congregational
Buried in Newbury, Orange County, Vermont in the Ox-Bow Cemetery.
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